Plan to build a rubber game unit
Plan to build a rubber game unit
build a rubber game unit – Investing in recycling always brings good profits. Rubber recycling is the same rule that you can pulverize it and sell it to various industries such as road construction and construction. You withdraw your money in less than two years.
Worn tires are special wastes that are chemically different in size, shape and shape from other wastes. Tires are made of polymeric materials that do not decompose easily in nature. In many cases, non-worn tires are stacked on top of each other, creating ugly landscapes in the form of a mountain of rubbish, which also poses a risk of fire.
Burning tires creates harmful black smoke that pollutes the environment. There are many problems for burying it. Due to the fact that in Iran, no cost is received from waste producers, there is no equipment in landfills to reduce the volume or crush the tires, and as a result, they are buried in the same original form, which causes a large volume of landfills to be occupied. Today, the results of research and studies show that the recycling of worn tires not only does not have harmful effects on the environment and solves the management problems of this sector, but also is the source of industrial development and economic profitability and processing and production of other products. Rubber powder from recycled worn tires can be used in industries such as road construction, construction, automotive, marine industry, sports, livestock and agriculture, and water supply. Another benefit of recycling worn tires is reducing waste and helping the material cycle in nature.
Products from recycled worn tires
10% per kilogram of polyamide yarn tire
3% per kilogram of granular tire
85% of each kilogram of tire
Uses in the construction of a rubber recycling unit
Road construction industry (covering the road surface instead of asphalt)
Due to its acoustic properties, rubber powder has a longer life and lower cost, and produces less noise, cracks less, and does not melt in heat. Car brakes work better on it. Gap sealing of the road surface, production of waterproof and absorbent layers, production of traffic signs and shock absorbers with lower cost and longer life are other advantages of using rubber powder and due to their elasticity, they cause less damage to vehicles due to accidents.
Construction industry (foundations and foundations)
As a foundation and foundation, the use of crushed tires in civil works is of great importance, especially in cases where reducing the weight of structures is necessary. Adding recycled rubber to concrete increases its fire resistance and prevents it from breaking. In industrial flooring and passageways, the useful life is 20 years and due to their biomechanical properties and semi-elastic state, they cause less fatigue. Roofing of buildings and building insulation, production of sealant, air ducts, under carpets, surface of children’s playground are other applications of this product in this section.
Rubber and plastic manufacturing industries
Flexible foams, pool covers, conveyor belts
Automotive industry build a rubber game unit
Production of tires, tire coatings, car floor and fenders, car door and glass strips, all kinds of gaskets, friction brake systems, car shock bumpers.
Marine industries in the construction of a rubber recycling unit
Shock absorbers and berths, seagoing vessels, non-slip floors.
Coverage of athletic fields, golf and tennis, horse racing.
Livestock, agriculture and water supply
Agricultural water supply systems and rubber hoses, rubber pots, feed containers, various types of grain silos, and the use of rubber flooring with air ducts in which water penetrates.
In addition to the above materials, tires are one of the best sources of fuel and energy. Tires have a very high percentage of carbon, which gives them the ability to burn fuel quickly and at very high temperatures. The most important use of tires as fuel is in cement kilns. Studies show that the energy of 242 million worn-out tires is equivalent to the energy of 12 million barrels of oil.
The production of rubber powder is mainly in the country by crushers and mills, which are engaged in several small workshops scattered with domestically made machines without a license from the Ministry of Industries and Mines (mainly trade unions). Industrial rubber powder is produced by Yazd factory by thermal method, which produces powder has limited properties because the high temperature in the production line causes the loss of rubber properties.
High quality rubber powder is a powder that has a mesh size of 200 and above. In general, high quality rubber powder is produced in the following two ways:
CRYOGENIC method uses the method of cooling with liquid nitrogen, which is used per ton of powder م liquid nitrogen, which in this method is high electrical energy consumption due to rapid freezing. Therefore, the product is produced with low mesh and high cost and is not cost-effective and this method is not currently used in the world.
AMBIENT method In this method, using cold air, the rubber parts are cooled and dried by turbines and are ready to be milled. Compared to the previous method, less energy and more air consumption, which will be supplied by the compressors and through the bulky air tank. In general, the method of gradual freezing and recovery of rubber materials is the most effective and cheapest method for recycling worn tires.
Economic attitude to tire recycling
Many look to the recycling industry only from the point of view of the environment or its protections, or to an industry that has at least cheap and available raw materials but does not have very good returns. Considering the previous discussions and attitudes towards the European Union and the United States, which has a car and tire industry with the establishment of these industries in the world, as well as cars and tires in the world, and has long been faced with the problem of massive accumulation of worn tires and environmental effects. We have seen that by conducting research and creating recycling and useful industries, they have succeeded in reducing worn-out depots and using them optimally.
Today, recovery processes with two important aspects of optimal use of available resources and environmental protection, have been seriously considered by countries around the world and within the scope of their development plans.
The idea of recycling used tires was seriously established 70 years ago in the industrialized countries of the West and progressed to the development of the tire industry. Today, the recovery of used tires in various forms, including coating, powder or reuse as a raw material in the rubber industry has resulted in more than 60% savings in raw materials.
The recovery of rubber, plastics, paper, etc. is an important issue in developing countries that do not have enough technology or raw materials, which unfortunately has not received much attention.
In Iran, about 8 million tires are consumed annually, and these tires are discarded after wear and tear and cause environmental pollution. Recycling such tires while preventing environmental pollution can help supply the raw materials needed by the industry.
Advantages of using crushed rubber (GTR) in asphalt
Asphalt pavement made with rubber modifier is produced either wet or dry method. Crushed rubber-modified asphalt (CRMA) has applications such as sealing cracks and sealing joints, chips, substrates and hot mix asphalt binders, and membranes.
CRMA binders change less due to temperature changes. Because asphalt rubber binders are softer at low temperatures, these binders reduce road defects to some extent when we are concerned about breakage and potholes due to heavy traffic load.
The disadvantage of these binders is their high production cost compared to ordinary asphalt. The ultimate goal can be to develop a binder that is competitively priced with regular binders.
Applications and products for the construction of build a rubber game unit
Although tires are burned more than they are recycled, many attempts have been made to value recycling. Tires can be recycled into different products. One of them is hot asphalt, in which pieces of rubber called crumb rubber are added to the asphalt. This improves the properties of asphalt and turns it into polymer asphalt. This will make the asphalt more durable and will not crack quickly. Recycled rubber is also used in Portland concrete cement. On the other hand, worn tires can be used to make new tires. In some cases, the recycled tire itself is used as a water retainer or horticultural material and weed control. Other products that use recycled rubber materials include rubber flooring and artificial turf.
Tire recycling products vary depending on mechanical or chemical recycling, but in general the following products can be mentioned:
Asphalt and polymer bitumen
Market research and competition in the plan to car build a rubber game unit
Recycling of any product is accompanied by high added value and rubber (tire) recycling is no exception to this problem and has a high added value. In addition to helping the environment, the production of rubber powder has a good financial return for the investor. Due to the fact that rubber is one of the products that is not disposed of and its burning causes many problems for the environment, so the creation of rubber recycling companies can be a great help in solving this environmental problem. According to studies, rubber powder, in addition to being used in the rubber industry and various types of flooring, in the production of rubber tubes, industrial and non-industrial shock absorbers, rubber products for floor coverings, industrial rubber products, rubber sheets, rubber floor mats, bumper Vehicle, bicycle pedal, rubber footrest and other items can also be used. However, in recent years, because the production of rubber powder in the country has not been of good quality, so its consumption is very limited in many industries that can be used, so with the aim of producing high quality rubber powder, the potential for consumption in There are various industries and a suitable market is foreseen for the products of the present justification plan.
Given the issues raised, as well as the cross-sectional importance of scrapping worn-out vehicles, and given that burning or burying tires has devastating environmental effects, among all the ways proposed to get rid of rubber waste, the most important, healthiest and most economical The way is to recycle them. Because not only does it not harm the environment, but it also prevents the consumption of many fossil fuels and resources and saves energy. In addition, the production of recycled products in Iran can be 100% profitable due to the cheapness of labor, water and energy.
Investment required to build a car tire recycling unit
To create a rubber powder production unit with an average capacity, 35 billion rials of fixed capital is needed. The return on the plan is about 45%, which is very significant, and you can withdraw your initial capital in about two years.
Benefits of implementing a rubber recycling justification plan
Given the issues raised and also the cross-sectional importance of scrapping worn-out vehicles and given that burning or burying tires has harmful environmental effects, among all the ways proposed to get rid of rubber waste, the most important, healthiest and most economical The way is to recycle them. Because not only does it not harm the environment, but it also prevents the consumption of many fossil fuels and resources and saves energy. In addition, the production of recycled products in Iran can be highly profitable due to the cheapness of labor, water and energy.